Frequently Asked Questions
Are pilot licences issued in one European member state valid in all other member states?
Pilot licences issued in one European (EASA) member state are valid in all other member states.
Which countries are EASA member states?
As of September 2021, the EASA member states were Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland. Please note that membership status may have changed since that time.
Can I complete the training required for a licence in different member states?
Yes, you have the flexibility to complete the training required for a licence in different member states.
Can I receive theoretical knowledge instruction in one country, practical flight training in another, and complete my examination in a third country?
Absolutely! You can receive theoretical knowledge instruction in one country, practical flight training in another, and complete your examination in a third country.
Which country will issue the licence if I have my initial medical examination conducted in a different country?
The country where the initial medical examination is conducted will issue the licence.
Can I transfer my licence to another country once it is obtained?
Yes, once you obtain your licence, it can be transferred to another country if necessary.
Can I take my pilot examination in any member state, regardless of where I did my training?
The regulations set by EASA (FCL) allow you to take your pilot examination in any member state, regardless of where you did your training. However, some countries may have administrative procedures that prevent them from accepting candidates from flying schools in other member states.
Can I take the pilot exam at distinguished flying schools around the world, even if I’m not a student there?
Yes, some aviation authorities, like Austro Control from Austria, offer examinations at distinguished flying schools worldwide.
After finishing the written exam, can I choose from various EASA-approved flying schools for my flight training?
Yes, after finishing your written exam, you can select from a wide range of EASA-approved flying schools in Europe and beyond to complete your flight training.
What is an aircraft?
«Aircraft» means any machine which can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air other than the reactions of the air against the earth’s surface.
What is a category of aircraft?
«Category of aircraft» means a categorisation of aircraft according to specified basic characteristics, for example aeroplane, powered-lift, helicopter, airship, sailplane, free balloon.
What is a class of aeroplane?
«Class of aeroplane» means a categorisation of single-pilot aeroplanes not requiring a type rating, such as a single engine airplane.
What is a private pilot?
«Private pilot» means a pilot who holds a licence which prohibits the piloting of aircraft in operations for which remuneration is given, with the exclusion of instruction or examination activities, as established in this Part.
What medical certification do I need for a private pilot licence?
Light aircraft pilot licence (LAPL), the pilot shall hold at least a valid LAPL medical certificate. Private pilot licence (PPL), the pilot shall hold at least a valid class 2 medical certificate. A student pilot shall not fly solo unless that student pilot holds a medical certificate, as required for the relevant licence.
How old must I be to get a private pilot licence?
Applicants for a private pilot licence (LAPL or PPL) for aeroplanes or helicopters shall be at least 17 years old. Before his or her first solo flight, a student pilot shall be at least 16 years of age
What rights do I have with my private pilot licence?
The privileges of the holder of an LAPL are to act without remuneration as PIC in noncommercial operations on the appropriate aircraft category.
The privileges of the holders of a PPL are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilots of aeroplanes or TMGs engaged in non-commercial operations and to exercise all privileges of holders of an LAPL. Notwithstanding the paragraph above, the holder of a PPL with instructor or examiner privileges may receive remuneration for: (1) the provision of flight instruction for the LAPL or PPL; (2) the conduct of skill tests and proficiency checks for these licences; (3) the training, testing and checking for the ratings or certificates attached to this licence.
How do I get my private pilot licence?
Applicants for a LAPL or PPL shall complete a training course at a DTO (school training private pilots only) or an ATO (school training private and professional pilots). The course shall include theoretical knowledge and flight instruction appropriate to the privileges of the LAPL applied for. Theoretical knowledge instruction and flight instruction may be completed at a DTO or at an ATO different from the one where applicants have commenced their training.
What are the theoretical knowledge requirements?
Applicants for an LAPL or PPL shall demonstrate a level of theoretical knowledge appropriate to the privileges granted, through examinations on the following: (a) common subjects: — Air law, — Human performance, — Meteorology, — Communications, and — Navigation. (b) specific subjects concerning the different aircraft categories: — Principles of flight, — Operational procedures, — Flight performance and planning, and — Aircraft general knowledge.
How much flight training do I need for a LAPL?
Applicants for an LAPL(A) shall have completed at least 30 hours of flight instruction on aeroplanes or TMGs, including at least: (1) 15 hours of dual flight instruction in the class in which the skill test will be taken; (2) 6 hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least 3 hours of solo cross-country flight time with at least 1 cross-country flight of at least 150 km (80 NM), during which 1 full stop landing at an aerodrome different from the aerodrome of departure shall be made.
How much flight training do I need for a PPL?
Applicants for a PPL(A) shall have completed at least 45 hours of flight instruction in aeroplanes or TMGs, 5 of which may have been completed in an FSTD, including at least: (1) 25 hours of dual flight instruction; and (2) 10 hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least 5 hours of solo cross-country flight time with at least 1 cross-country flight of at least 270 km (150 NM), during which full stop landings at 2 aerodromes different from the aerodrome of departure shall be made. (b) Specific requirements for applicants holding an LAPL(A). Applicants for a PPL(A) holding an LAPL(A) shall have completed at least 15 hours of flight time on aeroplanes after the issue of the LAPL(A), of which at least 10 shall be flight instruction completed in a training course at a DTO or at an ATO. That training course shall include at least four hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least two hours of solo cross-country flight time with at least one cross country flight of at least 270 km (150 NM), during which full stop landings at two aerodromes different from the aerodrome of departure shall be made.
What is dual instruction time?
«Dual instruction time» means flight time or instrument ground time during which a person is receiving flight instruction from a properly authorised instructor.
What is solo flight time?
«Solo flight time» means flight time during which a student pilot is the sole occupant of an aircraft
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